Urinary lithiasis is an extremely common pathology that 12% of the population will experience during the course of their lives. It is caused by the presence of calculi, or stones, in the kidneys, ureters, and bladder.
People aged between 40 and 60 are particularly affected, as are those who have suffered an episode in the past. People who have suffered from lithiasis are 50% more likely to do so again in the future.
TheHospital Universitario la Moraleja has expanded the Urology service with the creation of the Lithotripsy Unit, which is specialised in minimally invasive techniques for the treatment of urinary lithiasis. The aim is to offer sufferers a comprehensive treatment that is faster, more efficient, and less invasive.
This new unit is equipped with the latest extracorporeal lithotripsy technology. Using shock waves, this technology breaks up the urinary calculi so that they can be passed out of the body via urination. This treatment is effective in 90% of cases and, since it is easy to apply, safe, and minimally invasive, there is a reduced recovery time.
The unit also boasts the full quota of endourology equipment, allowing the calculi in the kidneys and ureters to be directly ed or fragmented. This technique is carried out via natural channels, such as the renal cavities and the ureter. It is predicted that the unit will carry out 200 procedures a year and that an average of 1-2 sessions will be necessary to resolve each patient's problem.
This is a minimally invasive surgery that is used when the lithiasis cannot be treated by therapeutic or pharmacological means. Thanks to the equipment, outpatient treatment can be provided. This is because only sedation analgesia is necessary, which does not hospital admission.
The main symptom of lithiasis is an initial, sharp lumbar pain. This is extremely intense at first, before subsiding, and sometimes return intermittently. The pain can last minutes, hours, or days. During the period of extreme pain, the person sweats and become agitated and anxious. Other possible effects of the pain can be nausea, vomiting, abdominal distension, and blood in the urine.
In order to prevent urinary calculi, a high intake of liquids is recommended to prevent the substances that cause them, such as calcium and uric acid, from accumulating in the urine. It is also important to follow a balanced diet that is low in salt and proteins.
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