Bariatric surgery is the name given to the series of surgical procedures that can be used in the treatment of morbid obesity (BMI>35). This type of surgery is used when treatments based on nutritional diets have not worked previously. The surgery reduces appetite, generally shrinking the stomach and therefore reducing the amount of food ingested.
However, bariatric surgery must always be complemented with a diet and with education of the patient which leads them to alter their lifestyle, both with regard to diet and in terms of exercise.
Interventions whose sole objective is the ion of fat, such as liposuction and abdominoplasty, are not d in bariatric surgery. There are different types of surgical procedures:
To undergo any of the bariatric surgery procedures described, a multidisciplinary team is d and the patient must be subject to an integral assessment beforehand, including a psychological assessment, as these techniques are contraindicated for under 13s and over 65s, and in people with mental illnesses preventing their cooperation in the follow-up of the treatment after surgery.
In addition to the risks of any complex surgical procedure, in bariatric surgery, complications can arise, affecting some 10% of patients:
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